Please forward this error screen to md-in-42. Peroxisomes are favorable targets for metabolic plant biotechnology books free download pdf. Peroxisomes can be manipulated to increase oilseed yield and produce designer oils.
Modified peroxisomal metabolism might improve stress tolerance in plants. Artificial metabolic pathways can be implemented into peroxisomes to gain novel peroxisomal functions. Plant metabolic engineering is a promising tool for biotechnological applications. Major goals include enhancing plant fitness for an increased product yield and improving or introducing novel pathways to synthesize industrially relevant products.
Plant peroxisomes are favorable targets for metabolic engineering, because they are involved in diverse functions, including primary and secondary metabolism, development, abiotic stress response, and pathogen defense. This review discusses targets for manipulating endogenous peroxisomal pathways, such as fatty acid β-oxidation, or introducing novel pathways, such as the synthesis of biodegradable polymers. Furthermore, strategies to bypass peroxisomal pathways for improved energy efficiency and detoxification of environmental pollutants are discussed. In sum, we highlight the biotechnological potential of plant peroxisomes and indicate future perspectives to exploit peroxisomes as biofactories. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Facile methods of genetic transformation are of outstanding importance for both basic and applied research.
For many years, transgenic technologies for plants were restricted to manipulations of the nuclear genome. More recently, a second genome of the plant cell has become amenable to genetic engineering: the prokaryotically organized circular genome of the chloroplast. Moreover, plastid transformation technologies have been intensely used in functional genomics by performing gene knockouts and site-directed mutageneses of plastid genes. These studies have contributed greatly to our understanding of the physiology and biochemistry of biogenergetic processes inside the plastid compartment. Plastid transformation technologies have also stirred considerable excitement among plant biotechnologists, since transgene expression from the plastid genome offers a number of most attractive advantages, including high-level foreign protein expression and transgene containment due to lack of pollen transmission. This review describes the generation of plants with transgenic plastids, summarizes our current understanding of the transformation process and highlights selected applications of transplastomic technologies in basic and applied research.
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